Vbackup is a modular backup utility that can be used to perform full or incremental system backups. It consists of a set of scripts that can be used to create backups using tar and xfsdump. It can also make backups of PostgreSQL, MySQL, and LDAP databases, keep a copy of the boot record, the partition table, or the LVM configuration, encrypt archives using x509 certificates, and back up the Debian package list and the RPM database. It can store the backups in a local or remote directory using either NFS or SCP. It is modular, and can be extended to perform other functions as well.
Cedar Backup is a software package designed to manage system backups for a pool of local and remote machines. Cedar Backup understands how to back up filesystem data as well as MySQL and PostgreSQL databases and Subversion repositories. It can also be easily extended to support other kinds of data sources. Cedar Backup is focused around weekly backups to a single CD or DVD disc. It supports multisession discs, allowing you to add incremental data to a disc on a daily basis. Cedar Backup also provides a Python library of backup-related functionality.
Finnix is a small, self-contained, bootable Linux CD distribution ("LiveCD") for system administrators, based on Debian testing. You can use it to mount and manipulate hard drives and partitions, monitor networks, rebuild boot records, install other operating systems, and much more.
HTTrack is an easy-to-use offline browser utility. It allows you to download a Web site from the Internet to a local directory, building recursively all directories, getting HTML, images, and other files from the server to your computer. HTTrack arranges the original site's relative link-structure. Simply open a page of the mirrored Web site in your browser, and you can browse the site from link to link, as if you were viewing it online. HTTrack can also update an existing mirrored site, and resume interrupted downloads. WebHTTrack is a Web-based GUI for HTTrack.
makeself is a small shell script that generates a self-extractable compressed TAR archive from a directory. The resulting file appears as a shell script, and can be launched as is. The archive will then uncompress itself to a temporary directory and an arbitrary command will be executed (for example, an installation script). This is pretty similar to archives generated with WinZip Self-Extractor in the Windows world.
mkat is a set of command line tools for burning and cataloging data CD/DVD/BD and audio CDs. The catalog can later be searched for certain files or an audio CD. Tags can be used to categorize CD/DVD/BDs, e.g. comedy, drama, kids, sports. mkat is configured to use wodim/growisofs and genisoimage to do the real work, but it should be possible to configure it to use arbitrary programs.
deco is a command-line program that, together with the deco-archive package, allows you to extract dozens of popular archive file formats. It has a consistent interface ("deco 1.tar.bz2 2.rar 3.zip 4.flac 5.deb") and consistent behavior (never deleting archives after extraction and extracting relative to the current working directory, just verbosely enough, all unless explicitly requested otherwise). It creates an extraction directory if there is more than one file or directory at the archive top level, and it is able to fix strange permissions.