PCDiskClone is a Linux-based bootable CD that allows cloning of computer hard drives to backup data or to migrate a system to another PC. It copies all data on the physical level with full support for IDE, SATA, SCSI, USB, and Firewire interfaces. It clones at a high speed of more than 7GB per miniute. PCDiskClone is specially programmed for external backup and computer replacement.
GNU xorriso creates, loads, manipulates, and writes ISO 9660 filesystem images with Rock Ridge extensions. Files can be copied in and out. The session results get written to optical media or to filesystem objects. Rather than needing external tools for ISO 9660 production and CD/DVD/BD burning, it is a static compilation of libburnia-project.org. Thus GNU xorriso depends only on fundamental operating system facilities.
SynchroDir is a backup and synchronization utility. Each backup is the subject of a recordable "backup project". This feature allows you to save projects corresponding to different computers, servers, external hard drives, USB keys, etc. You can also backup data of computer Y to computer Z from a controlling computer X. Each backup project includes an unlimited number of "jobs". At the end of the backup process, a log file is available. Each job has a source and a destination, each corresponding to a volume or a directory. The volume or directory must be "mounted", either locally or over the network.
luckyBackup is a powerful, fast, reliable, and fully customizable backup and sync tool. It can backup any directory (the source) to another (the destination). luckyBackup copies over only the changes you've made to the source directory and nothing more, saving a great deal of time for backups after the first one. Whatever changes you make to the source, including adding, moving, deleting, modifying files or directories, will have the same effect on the destination. Owner, group, time stamps, links, and permissions of files are preserved (unless directed otherwise). The synchronization feature works on any pair of directories, keeping the files that were most recently modified on both of them. It includes many safety checks to prevent accidental loss of data.
log2rotate is designed for rotating backups with an optimal balance between retention and space usage. Instead of rotating backups using some fixed period such as daily, weekly, monthly, or yearly, it rotates backups using exponentially-growing periods. The exponential periods are based on the base 2 logarithm or squaring, depending on how you look at it.
CryptBackup is an encrypted backup application for Linux desktop users. It allows even a layperson to backup their home directory (including the desktop) on an encrypted external device with just a few clicks. Even the setup is only to choose the external device (such as an external hard drive) and to set a password.