makebootfat is a tool to make bootable USB disks. It can autodetect, partition, format, and populate the USB disk in a single step without any user interaction. It can also create disk images which are simultaneously compatible with all the three USB booting standards: USB-FDD, USB-HDD, and USB-ZIP.
OpenBSD Live-CD Firewall is an OpenBSD-based pf (packet filter) firewall, with NAT, squid, DNS, and a DHCP server (dnsmasq) for internal clients preconfigured. Settings and log files can be saved to a USB device. Saved settings will be restored at the next reboot. Additional security related software is available on the CD (arpwatch, honeyd, ntop, portsentry, etc.)
Fritz!WRT is a set of patches to make the OpenWRT trunk run on AVMs Fritz!Box. Much progress has been made in recent OpenWRT revisions in the AR7 port, but it's still not running on the Fritz!Box. The patches also have the potential to make the T-Com SpeedPort run, because its hardware is very similar to that of the Fritz!Box. There are patches for the bootloader, LED support, and watchdog support, as well as KGDB support.
Debian From Scratch is really two related components in one. First, it's a live bootable CD image that is designed to provide a full-featured kernel and rescue environment. It includes filesystem tools, editors, C compilers, Python, Perl, and everything you need to manually install Debian on a new machine. On ix86 machines, Grub is used to boot directly from the CD. There is also a program that is used to create the DFS CD images. It is highly configurable and can be used to create other custom bootable CD or DVD images. You can include whatever kernel or packages you want.
iPAQ Hanheld Linux is a distribution for the iPAQ H36xx series handheld computer (PDA). It consists of a bootloader, several cramfs binary images of file systems to be loaded into flash, and the sources of modified components. It also consists of some other software that may be of use to others working on handheld computers: a Grafitti-like program, etc. It includes a fully-functioning X server based on XFree86, and basic applications.
The JACAL Project is a suite of programs, scripts, guidelines, protocols, documentation, and diskettes that assist in quick, network based loads/builds of machines. It has been used to build 70 University lab machines from scratch (No OS) in two hours. This includes NT service packs and 80+ applications on the NT side.