ARP Neighbor Cache Fingerprinter is a tool that provides a mechanism for remote operating system detection by extrapolating characteristics of the target system's underlying neighbor cache and general ARP behavior. Given the non-existence of any standard specification for how the neighbor cache should behave, several differences in network stack implementations can be used for unique identification. The main disadvantage of this tool versus traditional fingerprinting is that because it's based on a Layer 2 protocol instead of a Layer 3 protocol, the target machine that is being tested must reside on the same Ethernet broadcast domain (usually the same physical network).
ASCEND is an interactive environment for modeling, debugging, and solving large systems of nonlinear algebraic or differential equations. Oriented towards chemical engineering applications, it includes a large Open Source thermodynamic properties database. The interactive design allows users to inspect and solve very difficult nonlinear systems. It includes plotting abilities and is scriptable using both Python and Tcl/Tk.
ASPseek is an Internet search engine, written in C++ using the STL library. It consists of an indexing robot, a search daemon, and a search frontend (CGI or Apache module). It can index as many as a few million URLs and search for words and phrases, use wildcards, and do a Boolean search. Search results can be limited to time period given, site, or Web space (set of sites) and sorted by relevance (PageRanks are used) or date. It is optimized for multiple sites (threaded index, async DNS lookups, grouping results by site, and Web spaces), but can be used for searching one site as well. It can work with multiple languages/encodings at once (including multi-byte encodings such as Chinese) due to optional Unicode storage mode. Other features include stopwords and ispell support, a charset and language guesser, HTML templates for search results, excerpts, and query words highlighting.
AVL Array is an STL-like container for C++ that fills the gap between vector (or deque) and list, providing both fast random access and fast insertion/removal, all O(log n). This is not a map; in an avl_array, the "keys" always range from 0 to size-1, and they automatically change on insertion or removal. As a sequence container, like vector and list, it respects the order of elements.
AXIGEN is a fast, reliable and secure mail server with an open architecture. It is designed for easy management and allows full control of the email traffic from a central Web/CLI admin module. AXIGEN provides ESMTP, IMAP, and POP3 services and has been tested with standard mail clients. A special Webmail module enables email access and delivery from Web browsers. During the evaluation period, users are provided with full technical support.