Arista is an easy-to-use multimedia transcoder for the GNOME desktop. It focuses on the goal of transcoding media, namely the devices you wish to play the media on. It is designed for use by people who are not familiar with audio and video encoding and want an easy way to get multimedia to their devices. It supports input from DVD and V4L devices as well as regular files.
audiopreview is a command-line tool that plays previews of many audio file types (Ogg, MP3, etc.), video file types (AVI, MPEG, Real, etc.), and Internet streams. It can also be used as a regular command-line media file player (i.e. play the files entirely like yauap or mpc123 would).
Orc is a library and set of tools for compiling and executing very simple programs that operate on arrays of data. The "language" is a generic assembly language that represents many of the features available in SIMD architectures, including saturated addition and subtraction, and many arithmetic operations.
Peyote is an audio player with a friendly MC-like interface. It is designed specifically to work easily with cue sheets. It plays wv (wavepack), WAV, FLAC, APE, Ogg, WMA, and MP3 formats. It supports ID3v2, APEv2, FLAC, and Vorbis tags; multiple playlists; and tabs. It can copy, move, remove, and rename files.
Pimp is a highly interactive and programmable music player. It can be controlled with an mpd client or via a Python interpreter. Files can be played directly, and file paths are recorded in a database. Files are identified by a "fingerprint" which allows the user to identify an audio file despite file moving and tag modification. Pimp aims to be a player framework with a really small core. All features are implemented in extensions. For example, a lot of player events such as play, seek, and pause are logged in the database.