Lloyd's Java Shell is a java scripting tool (it could read and execute java-like statement from any input stream) that could easily be plugged into an application and modify its object - so it is also a configuration tool. It is also a good test tool, as you could easily use it to test any feature of your new object.
EAsea Specification of Evolutionary Algorithms (EASEA), is a high-level language dedicated to the specification of evolutionary algorithms. The language and compiler are quite mature. EASEA compiles .ez specification files into C++ or Java object files, using existing evolutionary libraries. Supported C++ libraries currently are GALib or EO.
F-Script is a lightweight scripting layer specifically designed for the Mac OS X object system (i.e. Cocoa). It provides scripting and interactive access to Cocoa frameworks and custom Objective-C objects. It aims to be a useful and fun tool for both beginners and experts, allowing interactively exploring, testing, and using Cocoa-based objects and frameworks.
C Scripting Language (CSL) is an embeddable scripting language with C syntax. A comprehensive set of libraries is included in the base package, and writing your own libraries is possible with an easy API for C programs, as well as a class interface for C++ programs. If you are looking for a compact and powerful scripting engine for your application, CSL might be the choice.
Jess is a fast, light rule engine and scripting environment written entirely in Java. You can build Java software that has the capacity to "reason" using knowledge you supply in the form of declarative rules. It is supplied as a programmer's library, making it ideal for embedding in larger applications. Jess includes development tools built on the Eclipse platform. It is free for academic use and can be licensed for commercial use.
libgringo is a library to writes applications that run both in console (using ncurses) and under X-Window (using gtk). libgringo detects if you are running from the console or under X-Window, and selects the right library to use without recompiling your code. gringosh and gringodlg are two parsers that use libgringo to provide similar functionality to the cdialog utility. It was written to make some configuration scripts work both in console and under X Windows without any modification. gringosh and gringodlg also provide features more powerful than cdialog such as the ability to have more than two buttons per form and more than two windows on the screen.
Onyx is a powerful stack-based, multi-threaded, interpreted, general purpose programming language similar to PostScript and Forth. It can be embedded as an extension language into other applications, and was designed to have a small memory footprint. It is among the smallest embeddable interpreters available.
EFEU is suitable for handling data cubes, which are especially useful for building data warehouses. It consists of a building system including mkmf (a xmkmf like Makefile generator), esh (a powerful C/C++ interpreter), efeudoc (a document generator with different output formats (LaTeX, HTML, roff, etc.)). EFEU has a huge set of C library core features, including robust memory allocation tools, functions to concatenate and copy strings with memory allocation, buffers for dynamically-growing strings and fields, data structures with reference counters and garbage collection, and file tools that allow you to specify pipes wherever a filename is expected and support automatic implementation of (de)compression filters (gzip) depending on filename extensions. It also includes a high-level interface to files, strings, and anything else you can read from or write to.