Lua is a programming language originally designed for extending applications, but also frequently used as a general-purpose, stand-alone language. It combines simple procedural syntax (similar to Pascal) with powerful data description constructs based on associative arrays and extensible semantics. It is dynamically typed, interpreted from bytecodes, and has automatic memory management, making it ideal for configuration, scripting, and rapid prototyping. It is implemented as a small library of C functions, written in ANSI C, and compiles unmodified in all known platforms. The implementation goals are simplicity, efficiency, portability, and low embedding cost. It has been used on games such as World of Warcraft, FarCry and Angry Birds, among others.
MathASM (MASM) is a scripting language similar to various (macro) assemblers but somewhat simplified and adjusted to specific tasks. The adjective "mathematical" comes from an early stage of its development, when its task was building simple mathematical scripts which would probably perform some calculations and write them out. As the program developed, more and more instructions were added from the "real" assemblers, so MASM now has a large set of instructions for various applications.
Mercat is a light-weight, cross platform programming language. It is garbage collected and self hosting and produces portable byte-compiled binaries that can be executed on any platform with the appropriate interpreter. Interpreters are available for Linux, DOS (32-bit) and DOS (16-bit) and the interpreter source should be easily compilable for other platforms.
MIT/GNU Scheme is an implementation of the Scheme programming language, providing an interpreter, compiler, source-code debugger, integrated Emacs-like editor, and a large runtime library. MIT/GNU Scheme is best suited to programming large applications with a rapid development cycle. Recent versions of the system are supported on the following platforms: GNU/Linux, *BSD, OS/2, and Windows.
MDK (MIX Development Kit) provides tools for developing and executing, in a MIX virtual machine, MIXAL programs. The MIX is Donald Knuth's mythical computer, described in the first volume of The Art of Computer Programming, which is programmed using MIXAL, the MIX assembly language. MDK includes a MIXAL assembler (mixasm), a MIX virtual machine (mixvm) with a command line interface, a Guile-based virtual machine (mixguile), a GTK+ based GUI (gmixvm), and a mixvm-Emacs interface (mixvm.el). MDK utilities are extensible using Scheme.
The Mozart system provides state-of-the-art support in two areas: open distributed computing and constraint-based inference. Mozart implements Oz, a concurrent object-oriented language with dataflow synchronization. Oz combines concurrent and distributed programming with logical constraint-based inference, making it a unique choice for developing multi-agent systems. Mozart is an ideal platform for both general-purpose distributed applications as well as for hard problems requiring sophisticated optimization and inferencing abilities.
Narval is a framework dedicated to the setting up of intelligent personal assistants (IPAs). It includes a language, an interpreter, and a GUI/IDE. It is based on artificial intelligence and agent technologies. It executes recipes (sequences of actions) to perform tasks. It is easy to specify new actions using XML and to implement them using Python. Recipes can be constructed graphically (without programming) by linking blocks representing the actions.
Number Theoretic bc is a fast prototyping scripting language for use in number theory. It allows you to operate on integer numbers with arbitrary precision and to use multiple dimension associative arrays. Its grammar is nearly similar to the grammar of C or bc. It supports using user defined functions written in C++ stored in .so libraries.
Perl is a high-level, general-purpose programming language that makes easy things easy and hard things possible. It is optimized for scanning arbitrary text files and system administration. It has built-in extended regular expression matching and replacement, a dataflow mechanism to improve security with setuid scripts and is extensible via modules that can interface to C libraries.