Evolvotron is an interactive "generative art" application to evolve images/textures/patterns through an iterative process of random mutation and user-selection driven evolution. If you like lava lamps, and never got tired of the Mandelbrot set, this could be the software for you. It's implemented using Qt, and is multithreaded.
GSL shell offers an interactive user interface that gives access to the GSL collection of mathematical functions. It is based on the powerful and elegant scripting language Lua. GSL shell is not just a wrapper over the C API of GSL, but offers a much more simple and expressive way to use GSL. The objective is to give the user the power to easily access GSL functions without having to write a complete C application. It also has a powerful module to produce plots or almost any kind of graphics based on data or functions.
Class Library for Numbers (CLN) is a library for computations with all kinds of numbers. Its rich set of number classes includes integers, rational numbers, floating-point numbers, complex numbers, modular integers, and univariate polynomials. It implements elementary functions (also with unlimited precision), logical functions, and transcendental functions. It is designed for memory and speed efficiency as well as interoperability.
Gnofract 4D is a Gnome-based program to draw fractals. What sets it apart from other fractal programs (and makes it "4D") is the way that it treats the Mandelbrot and Julia sets as different views of the same four-dimensional fractal object. It contains a Fractint-compatible formula compiler, allowing it to draw an unlimited number of fractal types, using numerous coloring options.
The GOBLIN project consists of a C++ class library for a large series of graph optimization problems, GOSH, an extension of the Tcl/Tk scripting language to graph objects, and GOBLET, a graphical user interface to the library functions. GOBLET includes a graph editor and supports the standard graph layout methods.
PBZIP2 is a parallel implementation of the bzip2 block-sorting file compressor that uses pthreads and achieves near-linear speedup on SMP machines. The output of this version is fully compatible with bzip2 1.0.2 or newer (ie: anything compressed with PBZIP2 can be decompressed with bzip2).
TRIP is a general computer algebra system dedicated to celestial mechanics. It includes a numerical kernel and has interfaces to gnuplot and xmgrace. Computations can be performed with double, quadruple, or multi-precision. Users can dynamically load external libraries written in C, C++, or Fortran. Parallel computations on multivariate polynomials can be performed.
jHepWork (jWork) is an environment for scientific computation, data analysis, and data visualization for scientists, engineers, and students. The program is fully multi-platform (written in Java). Programs can be written in the Java, Jython/Python, and BeanShell scripting languages. Matlab/Octave is supported for symbolic calculations. The program can be used to display data and functions in D and 3D. It comes with a friendly IDE and a code assist.
CCMATH is a mathematics library, coded in C, that contains functions for linear algebra, numerical integration, geometry and trigonometry, curve fitting, roots and optimization, Fourier analysis, simulation generation, statistics, special functions, sorts and searches, time series models, complex arithmetic, and high precision computations.