MP3 Diags finds problems in MP3 files and helps the user fix many of them. It looks at both the audio part (VBR info, quality, normalization) and the tags containing track information (ID3). It has a tag editor, which can download album information (including cover art) from MusicBrainz and Discogs, as well as paste data from the clipboard. Track information can also be extracted from a file's name. Another component is the file renamer, which can rename files based on the fields in their ID3V2 tag (artist, track number, album, genre, etc.).
id3j is a lightweight and easy-to-use library to create and add ID3 metadata tags to MP3 files. It only concerns itself with ID3 version 3.2.0 and only handles the most common types of information, but creating a tag and adding it to a file is much easier than with many other solutions. It also has one fairly esoteric feature that is interesting from a algorithmical standpoint, which is the ability to create CRC32 neutral ID3 tags. That means that you can add such a tag to any MP3 file and the CRC32 sum of the resulting MP3 file with the tag will be the same as the file without the tag.
audiopreview is a command-line tool that plays previews of many audio file types (Ogg, MP3, etc.), video file types (AVI, MPEG, Real, etc.), and Internet streams. It can also be used as a regular command-line media file player (i.e. play the files entirely like yauap or mpc123 would).