PC/SC-Proxy allows for access to PC/SC daemons on remote machines. There are two use cases. It can be used with thin clients and a terminal server to make the session access readers connected to the thin client. In this case, the address of the remote PC/SC service is taken from the login information (utmp). The second use case is when applications running inside a virtual machine (e.g. VirtualBox) need access to card readers of the host machine without disturbing operations on the host itself.
Pagekite is software to make servers on "localhost" visible to the wider Internet. It can be used by Web developers to show off their works in progress to clients or colleagues, embedded developers who need direct access to devices in the field, or as an alternative to dynamic DNS for individuals/hobbyists who would rather host their own content than rely on 3rd party hosting. It creates and maintains a tunnel between your server on localhost and a remote "front-end" (a reverse proxy). Only the front-end has to have a visible IP address; the server itself can reside on a heavily firewalled computer, a mobile device, or even an anonymous node on the Tor network.
Surrogate is an HTTP proxy functioning in both forward and reverse proxy modes. It is written in Erlang OTP and uses stream filters for inspecting and modifying data as it passes through the proxy. Additional stream filters can be implemented by writing modules that implement the filter_stream behavior. Reverse proxy features include load balancing. Additional balancer methods can be specified by implementing modules with the gen_balancer behavior. Forward proxy features include gzip compression to end servers, CONNECT support, and an HTTP proxy with authentication that can use MySQL or Mnesia backends. There is also a SOCKS 4/5 proxy listener.