Expresso Framework is an open standards-based J2EE architectural framework that allows the developer to concentrate on application logic. It is a library of extensible Java Server application framework components for creating database-driven Web applications based on open standards. Expresso integrates with Apache Jakarta Struts, which emphasizes presentation and application configuration, and bringing a powerful tag library to Expresso. Expresso adds capabilities for security, robust object-relational mapping, background job handling and scheduling, self-tests, logging integration, automated table manipulation, database connection pooling, email connectivity, event notification, error handling, caching, internationalization, XML automation, testing, registration objects, configuration management, workflow, automatic database maintenance, and a JSP tag library.
Log4j is a logging package written in Java. Log4j allows you to log to a file, a java.io.Writer, a remote server, or a syslog daemon. The package is designed so that log statements can remain in shipped code without incurring a high performance cost. One distinctive feature of log4j is the notion of hierarchical loggers. Using hierarchical loggers, it is possible to select (at runtime) which log statements are output at arbitrary granularity. Users can choose to implement their own log formats and output strategies.
mod_backhand is a load balancing module for Apache. It provides per-request HTTP redirection within a heterogeneous Apache server cluster. Each request is processed and run through a set of "candidacy functions" to determine which server is best suited to respond. The request is then proxied to that server. Facilities are in place to allow you to write your own dynamically loadable decision making algorithms. Everything about the request and the current availability of resources can be used in the decision-making process.
auth_ldap is an LDAP authentication module for the Apache Web server. Auth_ldap has excellent performance, due to its use of aggressive client-side caching algorithms. It also has support for LDAP over SS or TLSL. It also features a mode that lets Microsoft Frontpage clients manage their Web permissions while still using LDAP for authentication.
The Apache JMeter is a 100% pure Java desktop application designed for performance and load testing of servers. It was primarily designed for Web/HTTP testing but it has been expanded to include support for a variety of testing modules. It ships with modules for HTTP and SQL databases (using JDBC). It may be used to test server performance both on static and dynamic resources, to simulate a heavy load on a server or network to test its strength, or to analyse overall performance under different load types. It also provides pluggable interfaces for customizing data visualization, test synchronization, and the construction and execution of tests.
Apache Cocoon is a Web development framework built around the concepts of separation of concerns and component-based Web development. Cocoon implements these concepts around the notion of "component pipelines", each component on the pipeline specializing on a particular operation. This makes it possible to use a Lego(tm)-like approach in building Web solutions, hooking together components into pipelines without any required programming.
When building server side applications for the Web, independently of the language used (Java, PHP, Perl, etc), a lot of time is spent writing embedded HTML code and dealing with the fact that HTTP is a stateless protocol. SPFC allows you to write HTML forms like you write a Java GUI.